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The "eyebrows and beards" environmental management model will undergo a major change.
The Ministry of Environmental Protection announced on the 3rd that it has decided to set up three environmental management departments: water, atmosphere and soil according to the approval of the relevant central government departments. On the morning of the same day, the Ministry of Environmental Protection held the inauguration ceremony of the three divisions and appointed relevant persons in charge.
Wang Manchuan, the secretary-general of the Research Institute for the Reform of the Administrative System in China, told reporters that although the general trend is to streamline the organization in the context of major ministerial reforms, in order to adapt to changes in the external environment and work needs, it is necessary to make corresponding adjustments in due course.
The reporter learned from the Ministry of Environmental Protection that after the establishment of the three environmental management departments of "water, gas and soil", a pattern of "each performing their duties" will be formed. This means that China's environmental management has taken a substantial step towards being systematic, scientific and sophisticated.
"Symptoms" three battles
According to the Ministry of Environmental Protection, in February last year, the relevant departments of the central government approved the Ministry of Environmental Protection to compile some adjustments. The Department of Pollution Prevention and Control and the Department of Total Pollutant Discharge Control were no longer retained, and three environmental management departments were set up: water, atmosphere and soil.
Wang Manchuan's analysis of reporters said that the establishment of three new “Water, Gas and Soil” environmental management divisions is conducive to strengthening the strength, “the right medicine,” and the integration of limited resources. Second, from the change in the name of the organization, environmental policies are shifting from pollutant control to more Focus on improving environmental quality and enhancing comprehensive governance capabilities.
Wang Manchuan also told reporters that, in general, after the adjustment of ministries and agencies, provincial-level units will adjust their counterparts accordingly. However, at the local city and county level, arrangements may be more flexible due to different actual conditions in different places.
The Air Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan (hereinafter referred to as the "Article 10") promulgated by the State Council in September 2013 clearly requires that the environmental supervision system of national supervision, local supervision, and unit responsibility be improved. The Water Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan promulgated last year (hereinafter referred to as "the Ten Articles of Water") also requires "effectively strengthening water environment management" and "strengthening environmental quality target management".
At the 2016 National Environmental Protection Work Conference held on January 11 this year, Minister of Environmental Protection Chen Jining said: "The plan for the adjustment of the internal institutions of our ministry and the reform of the environmental supervision system has been approved by the central government. We are studying the organization of the drafting ministry." The draft of the "three determinations" and the establishment of the environmental monitoring system. "
With regard to the three environmental management departments of water, atmosphere and soil, the Ministry of Environmental Protection has finally announced the establishment of this. This is an important measure to implement the central government's efforts to strengthen ecological environmental protection and promote the improvement of environmental quality.
Some environmental protection experts said that the establishment of the three "water, gas and soil" environmental management divisions is a solid step forward in the reform of the Ministry of Environmental Protection, which is conducive to better control and increase environmental governance, and to refine the "water, gas and soil" pollution. Prevent and control "three major battles".
Chen Jining once said that during the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period, environmental protection work should focus on improving environmental quality, resolutely fight the "three major battles" of the atmosphere, water, and soil, and continuously improve the systematic, scientific, legal, and market-based environment management. And information level to accelerate the modernization of the ecological environment governance system and governance capabilities?
Why did you withdraw the pollution prevention and pollution control department?
In addition to the three environmental management departments of water, atmosphere and soil, the Ministry of Environmental Protection will no longer retain the Department of Pollution Prevention and Control and the Department of Total Pollutant Discharge Control.
Wang Manchuan told reporters that from the organizational setup of the original two divisions, it was easy to cause a crossover of functions.
The reporter consulted the original establishment of the Ministry of Environmental Protection and found that the Total Pollutant Discharge Control Division has a Water Pollutant Total Control Division and an Air Pollutant Total Control Division; and the Pollution Prevention and Control Division has an Atmospheric and Noise Pollution Control Division and Water Environment Protection Department, Water Pollution Prevention and Control Department in key river basins. The functions of the two divisions do overlap.
The reporter further learned that the Department of Pollution Prevention and Control and the Department of Total Pollutant Emission Control were no longer retained, reflecting Chen Jining's management philosophy.
The former Department of Pollution Prevention and Control of the Ministry of Environmental Protection was mainly responsible for the supervision and management of environmental pollution prevention and analysis and research on the environmental situation. Water, air, urban land, noise, light, stench, solid waste, chemicals, motor vehicle pollution and other sample tubes also involve marine pollution prevention and control, and are considered "neither specialized nor sophisticated."
The Department of Total Pollutant Emission Control is mainly responsible for implementing national emission reduction targets. In addition to drafting total pollutant discharge control, pollution permits and environmental statistics policies, administrative regulations, departmental rules, systems and specifications, and supervising implementation, it is also necessary to organize calculations and determine the environmental capacity of key areas, river basins, and sea areas. But Chen Jining said: "The total amount of control measures, the types of pollutants covered, the scope of pollution sources, and the intensity of the reduction are not enough to support the overall improvement of environmental quality."
According to the thinking determined by the Ministry of Environmental Protection this year, the future environmental management should reflect the principle of grasping quality and total quantity: quality improvement is the red line of rigid requirements and must not be touched; total emission reduction is the bottom line of rigid requirements. The most basic requirements. Total emission reduction assessment must be subject to quality improvement assessment. The tasks of quality improvement and total emission reduction have not been completed, and accountability will be strictly followed according to law; the quality has been improved but the total amount has not been completed, the local coordinated emission reduction will be respected, the national total indicators will be adjusted, and the assessment methods will be strictly implemented.
Many scholars have analyzed that China's environmental policies are gradually shifting from pollution-control policies to improving environmental quality and preventing and controlling environmental risks.
Since 2013, the government has successively released "Ten Gas Articles" and "Water Ten Articles". The "Ten Ten Articles" (Soil Pollution Control Action Plan) will also be promulgated this year. These national action plans are in line with the trend and performance from total volume control to quality control. The establishment adjustment of the Ministry of Environmental Protection is no exception.
Environmental monitoring and law enforcement will implement vertical management
After the establishment of the three Environmental Management Departments of the Ministry of Environmental Protection, "Water, Gas and Soil", the pattern of "each performing their duties" will be formed. With the implementation of the Soil Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan this year, all three divisions have their own "swords".
According to this idea, new internal agencies of the Ministry of Environmental Protection will also emerge, such as the "Vertical Management Office". The reporter was informed that this agency is also a vertical management department set up by the central government to coordinate national environmental monitoring, supervision and enforcement. The Fifth Plenary Session of the Eighteenth Central Committee clearly stated that "the implementation of vertical management of monitoring and supervision of law enforcement by environmental protection agencies below the provincial level".
At present, the biggest obstacle to environmental law enforcement lies in the administrative management system. According to the current relevant laws and regulations, local environmental protection departments accept the dual leadership of superior environmental protection departments and local governments. Although the local environmental protection department obeys the superior environmental protection department in business, it is under the control of the local government in terms of budget and personnel.
Ren Yong, deputy director of the administrative system and personnel department of the Ministry of Environmental Protection, said that the implementation of vertical management of monitoring and supervision of law enforcement by environmental protection agencies below the provincial level is a major innovation in the environmental protection management system. Vertical management reform is also a very complicated matter. It affects the whole body, not only the adjustment of institutional affiliation, but also the inter-level authority of local governments, the functions of relevant government departments, and the operational relationship of environmental protection systems. Adjustment also requires reform and improvement of the basic system of environmental governance.
According to the timetable set by the Ministry of Environmental Protection, this year we must do a good job in the transition period of vertical management of environmental protection agencies below the provincial level to monitor and supervise law enforcement, issue relevant notices, study and formulate pilot schemes and carry out trials, and support the pilot provinces in capacity building Complete the reform task in about 2 ~ 3 years.
Regarding when the three “Water, Gas and Soil” environmental management divisions and other agencies will be in place and play a role, the relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Environmental Protection said on the 3rd, “Because the institutional adjustment involves a wide range, the establishment of internal functions and operating mechanisms and A full staffing process is still needed. " After the whole work is completed, it will be released to the public. (Source: First Financial Daily Author: Zhang Ke Qin Xi Ya)
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