新闻资讯 N News ews & info
"The proposal of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on formulating the thirteenth five-year plan for national economic and social development" was released on November 3. The "Proposal" proposes to adhere to green development and focus on improving the ecological environment. Chen Jining pointed out that environmental protection during the "13th Five-Year Plan" period should focus on improving environmental quality. Environmental quality is the fundamental goal, and pollution reduction is an important means. The discharge of some major pollutants in China is still as high as about 20 million tons. Only by reducing it by 30% -50% will the environmental quality be significantly improved.
"The proposal of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on formulating the thirteenth five-year plan for national economic and social development" (hereinafter referred to as the "Recommendation") proposes to adhere to green development and focus on improving the ecological environment.
In a recent book "Recommendations of the CPC Central Committee on Formulating the Thirteenth Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development" published by the People's Publishing House (hereinafter referred to as the "Tutorial Reader"), Yang Weimin, deputy director of the China Finance Office, In the signed article "Promoting the harmonious coexistence of man and nature", the "Recommendations" clarified the goals and strategic measures to promote green development in the decisive stage of building a well-off society in an all-round way.
The Minister of Environmental Protection Chen Jining pointed out in a signed article "Enhancing Environmental Governance" published in the "Tutorial" that the severe status quo of environmental protection and the huge demand of the people have determined that the strictest system in history must be implemented, and the source must be strictly prevented , The process is strictly controlled, the consequences are severely punished. Local governments at all levels are responsible for the environmental quality of their jurisdictions. Enterprises are the responsible subjects of pollution control. The public also has the right and obligation to participate in environmental protection together. An environmental governance system that is co-managed by the government, enterprises, and the public must be formed.
Increasing VOC emissions as a binding indicator
Chen Jining pointed out that environmental protection during the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period should focus on improving environmental quality. Environmental quality is the fundamental goal, and pollution reduction is an important means. The discharge of some major pollutants in China is still as high as about 20 million tons. Only by reducing it by 30% -50% will the environmental quality be significantly improved.
The "Proposal" proposes to expand the scope of total pollutant control and include environmental quality indicators such as fine particulate matter as binding indicators.
In this regard, Chen Jining explained that on the basis of continuing to implement the control of chemical oxygen demand, ammonia nitrogen, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxide total emissions, increase the emission of volatile organic compounds in key industries as restrictive indicators, implement regional, watershed, Industry-specific differential total control indicators.
According to the "Basic Ideas of the National Environmental Protection" Thirteenth Five-Year Plan "prepared by the Ministry of Environmental Protection, preliminary consideration is given to the implementation of total industrial smoke and dust control in key industries across the country, and the implementation of key regions and points for total nitrogen, total phosphorus and volatile organic compounds. The total amount control combined with the industry enhances differentiation, pertinence and operability.
Specifically, preliminary consideration is given to the total control of smoke and dust in key industries such as electricity, steel, cement, etc., and the implementation of industry pollution control and emission reduction management based on the new emission standards. The total amount of nitrogen and phosphorus has been reduced, and the areas with the most serious pollution and the most serious problems, such as the Three Lakes and One Reservoir, the Haihe River Basin, and the Yangtze River Delta, have implemented total nitrogen or total phosphorus regional emissions control, requiring coastal urban sewage treatment plants to implement nitrogen and phosphorus removal.
Chen Jining said that the implementation of a number of key environmental governance projects such as ultra-low emission transformation of coal-fired power plants, gasification of air pollution transmission channels, volatile organic compounds in petrochemicals and the chemical industry, and large governance will be promoted through large projects.
In addition, the 21st Century Business Herald learned that on the basis of setting water and atmospheric environmental quality and total control indicators, preliminary considerations will be given to indicators such as the quality of farmland soil environment, pasture grassland soil environment, ecological red line protection area, and ecological service functions. Incorporate into the “13th Five-Year Plan”, strive to break through the weak status of previous planning soil and ecological protection planning goals, achieve all-factor target management of water, atmosphere, soil, ecosystems, etc., and lay the planning foundation for the supervision of all environmental media.
National soil pollution aggravation trend will be curbed in 2020
The "Proposal" proposes to implement the action plan for the prevention and control of atmospheric, water and soil pollution.
In this regard, Chen Jining explained that the focus of environmental governance is to resolutely fight the three major battles of prevention of air, water, and soil pollution, implement the roadmap of the three major action plans into construction drawings in various places, and promote continuous improvement of environmental quality.
At present, the "Air Pollution Control Action Plan" and "Water Pollution Control Action Plan" have been implemented, and the "Soil Pollution Control Action Plan" has not yet been issued.
Chen Jining revealed that the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" will prepare and implement an action plan for the prevention and control of soil pollution. 到2020年，全国土壤污染加重趋势得到遏制，土壤环境质量总体稳定，农用地土壤环境得到有效保护，建设用地土壤环境安全得到基本保障。 Promote the three major measures of pollution prevention, risk control, and governance and repair, and focus on solving the two prominent problems of soil pollution threatening agricultural product safety and living environment health. By 2020, the trend of increasing soil pollution in the country will be curbed, the overall quality of soil environment will be stable, The soil environment is effectively protected, and the soil environment safety of construction land is basically guaranteed.
The "Proposal" proposes to implement a comprehensive emission standard plan for industrial pollution sources. Data show that industrial production is the main source of pollution. Sulfur dioxide emissions account for 88.1% and nitrogen oxides account for 67.6%. In particular, toxic and harmful substances emitted by industry are more harmful to human health.
Chen Jining explained that meeting the standards for industrial pollution sources is not only a basic requirement of the law, but also a bottom line requirement for corporate environmental responsibility. It can internalize the externality of corporate environmental behavior and create a good market environment for fair competition. According to estimates, if the existing industrial pollution sources can achieve stable discharge standards, the discharge of major pollutants can be reduced by about 40%. Strictly implement the environmental impact assessment and the "three simultaneous" system to ensure that new pollution sources discharge standards. For the existing pollution sources, comprehensive measures such as clean production transformation and deep pollution control, limited production and emissions, and business closures are adopted to ensure compliance with discharge standards.
The "Proposal" proposes to achieve full coverage and stable operation of urban sewage treatment facilities. Chen Jining introduced that by 2020, all counties and key towns in the country will have sewage collection and treatment capabilities, and sewage in urban built-up areas at or above the prefecture level will basically be fully collected and treated. The county and city sewage treatment rates will reach 85% and 95%, respectively. Accelerate the construction of facilities for the decontamination of urban domestic garbage, and solve the dilemma of "garbage siege" facing some cities.
It is also worth noting that the "Proposal" proposes that both urban and rural environmental governance be given equal emphasis. According to the first national pollution source survey, agricultural sources accounted for 43.7%, 57.1%, and 67.3% of the total chemical oxygen demand, total nitrogen, and total phosphorus emissions.
Chen Jining said that it is necessary to strictly control the total amount of agricultural water, implement a zero-growth action on fertilizers and pesticides, support standardized transformation and construction of large-scale livestock and poultry farms, and deepen the utilization of straw resources. Accelerate the comprehensive improvement of the rural environment, and add 130,000 newly formed villages to complete the comprehensive improvement of the environment by 2020.
In addition, Chen Jining pointed out, "The management functions of grass-roots environmental protection agencies to monitor and supervise law enforcement should be unified with provincial environmental protection departments, and supervision and law enforcement and environmental monitoring should be conducted independently. Combined with strengthening joint prevention and control and watershed co-governance, explore the establishment of cross-regional environmental protection agencies, Implement unified planning, unified standards, unified monitoring, and unified governance. "
Implement contract energy and contract water conservation management
The Minister of Land and Resources Jiang Daming pointed out in a signed article entitled "Comprehensive Savings and Efficient Use of Resources" published in the "Tutorial Reader" that the "Proposal" proposes to strengthen the management of binding indicators and implement the total amount of energy and water resources, construction land and other resources. Intensity dual control action. This is an innovation of the macro-management style of resources and a hard measure for resource conservation and efficient use.
The Minister of Water Resources Chen Lei pointed out in a signed article "Implementing the Most Strict Water Resources Management System" published in the "Tutorial Book" that the implementation of dual control actions of total water consumption and intensity and strengthening of the "three red lines" rigid constraints on water resources management. Three main measures will be taken.
First, strictly control the total amount of water used. Speed up the allocation of river water, and implement relevant control indicators to corresponding river sections, lakes, reservoirs and groundwater sources. By 2020, the total annual national water consumption will be controlled within 670 billion cubic meters. Establish a monitoring and early warning mechanism for water resources carrying capacity, take water resources carrying capacity as an important condition for regional development, urban construction, and industrial layout, and implement regional restricted approval for areas that exceed the red line index.
Secondly, strictly control water intensity. Strengthen water quotas and plan management, clarify water-saving requirements for various industries, and improve the system of water withdrawal measurement, water quality monitoring, and consumption and consumption monitoring. Reduced by 25% and 20% respectively, and the effective utilization coefficient of farmland irrigation water was increased to above 0.55.
Third, strict water-saving standards. We will improve the water-saving technology standard system, formulate indicators for front-runners in water products, key water-use industries, and urban water-saving, etc., and conduct water efficiency front-runner actions to drive the whole society to learn from front-runners.
Chen Lei pointed out that the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" will promote the registration of the right to use water resources, and implement the right to own, use and profit water resources to water users. Cultivate a water rights trading market.
Chen Lei further pointed out: Encourage and guide water rights transactions between regions, between river basins, between river basins, between industries, and between water users, and explore various forms of water right transfer. Study and formulate management methods for water rights transactions, clarify the scope and type of tradable water rights, the subject and duration of transactions, the formation mechanism of transaction prices, and the operating rules of trading platforms. Gradually establish and improve a system of water rights trading platforms at the national, river basin and regional levels, as well as water rights benefits, dispute mediation and damage compensation mechanisms.
At the same time, the "Proposal" proposes to carry out energy-efficient and water-efficient leaders to lead action. Promote contract energy management and contract water saving management.
In this regard, Jiang Daming emphasized that it is necessary to speed up the construction and improvement of monitoring teams and monitoring institutions, and standardize industry management. It is necessary to innovate the policy mix, increase financial fund support and tax policy support, innovate investment and financing mechanisms, and establish a green financial service system.
Next post: Promote public participation in an orderly development in accordance with the law and increase the level of participation in environmental protection public affairs——Interpretation of the Measures for Public Participation in Environmental Protection
copyright © 2013-2014 Wuhan Tianyuan Environmental Protection Group E ICP No. 13016992 Technical Support: Wuhan Netizen